Every year we celebrate the feast day of the Guardian Angels on October 2nd, which is a wonderful opportunity to thank those spiritual beings who God assigns to protect and guide us. There are myriads of guardian angels, just as there are myriads of angels portrayed in the Bible and throughout our church—have you ever tried counting them?
God sent an angel to go before Moses and his people Israel, saving them from Pharaoh’s armies and leading them into the Promised Land (see Exodus 14:19ss; 23:20-24, and 32:34-33:2). Our guardian angel does the same for us: “The angel of the LORD encamps around those who fear him, and delivers them” (Psalm 34:8); “For [God] will give his angels charge of you to guard you in all your ways. On their hands they will bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone” (Psalm 91:11-12). The Old Testament even portrays the angels praising God on our behalf (see Psalm 103:20 and 148:1-2), which is why our Lord says: “See that you do not despise one of these little ones; for I tell you that in heaven their angels always behold the face of my Father who is in heaven” (Matthew 18:10).
In the New Testament the angels become even more prominent. As Pope St. John Paul II reminded us:
“Angels are discreetly present at all the most important moments of Jesus’ life in addition to the Resurrection. They announce his birth (cf. Matthew 1:20; Luke 1:26; 2:9); they guide his flight into Egypt and his return to his native land (cf. Matthew 2:13,19); they are a comfort to him at the end of the temptations in the desert (cf. Matthew 4:11) and at the hour of the passion (cf. Luke 22:43); at the end of time, they will stand at his side when he judges history and the world (cf. Matthew 13:41)” (Regina Caeli, March 31, 1997).
In the Old Testament people feared the angels: if they saw one they thought would die for example, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.” But the LORD said to him, “Peace be to you; do not fear, you shall not die.” (Judges 6:22). In contrast, Christians see angels as their friends, collaborators in the common mission to share the Good News of Jesus Christ. For example, St. Peter’s guardian angel help him escape prison twice: once when the high priests and the Sadducees became jealous at his preaching and miracles, throwing him and St. John in prison, only to have their guardian angels release them so they could continue their preaching (Acts 5:17-20), and then again when Herod had thrown him into prison, his angel released him so he could continue his mission (Acts 12:1-19). God the Father even gives Jesus an angel to strengthen his humanity when it was rebelling during his agony in the Garden (Luke 22:39-46).
Opus Dei was founded on the feast of the Guardian Angels, on October 2, 1928, precisely at the moment the church of Our Lady of the Angels in Madrid rang out its bells. St. Josemaría always saw the guardian angels as collaborators of ordinary Christians, helping us fulfill our mission to sanctify the ordinary events of our lives and to lead others to Christ. As he wrote:
“Have confidence in your guardian angel. Treat him as a very dear friend that’s what he is—and he will do a thousand services for you in the ordinary affairs of each day” (The Way 562).
“You seem amazed because your guardian angel has done so many obvious favors for you. But you shouldn’t be: that’s why our Lord has placed him at your side” (The Way 565).
Let us befriend our guardian angel more frequently, asking him for favors that help us. It may be as simple as finding us a parking space, or as serious as protecting us in dangerous moments of ordinary travel or perilous social events. He will help you… that’s his job!
Fr. John R. Waiss
This week the Archdiocesan newspaper, the Chicago Catholic—formerly the New World—celebrated its 125th anniversary. Although we have not found the 1899 article describing the dedication of our parish and church—now our school building—we do have the text from the Chicago Chronicle—a Sunday newspaper published from 1895 to 1908. Here is the article:
A new church was dedicated yesterday with impressive ceremonies. Archbishop Feehan dedicated St. Mary of the Angels, a Polish Catholic church at Hermitage Avenue and Clybourn Place [now Courtland Street], assisted by distinguished clergymen of the city.
The dedication of this north side edifice was performed with all the impressive ritualism provided by the Catholic faith, and representatives from every Polish parish in the city were in attendance.
A procession with 5,000 men in line, comprising members of forty religious societies, preceded the ceremony. The residences and shops within a half mile of the edifice, were decorated with flags and bunting in honor of the occasion. The St. Stanislaus cavalry met Archbishop Feehan and party at North and Holt Aves [now Greenview], and escorted the distinguished prelates to the church.
Assisting the Archbishop in the ceremony were the following priests: Rev. Francis Gordon of St. Mary of the Angels Church, Rev. John Radziejewski, Rev. John Zilla, Rev. George Heldman, Rev. David Fennesay, Rev. Hugh Ogara McShane, Rev. Mathias Barth, Rev. J. E. Clancy, Rev. John Kasprzycki of St. Stanislaus Church, Rev. Joseph Ziemba, Rev. Stanislaus Siatka, Rev. J. Obyrtacz, Rev. J. Barzynski and the Rev. Eugene Sedlaczek.
Mayor Harrison, Alderman Stanley H. Kunz, Alderman John Smulski, Peter Kiolbasa and City Collector Frank Brandecker were present as invited guests. At 4 o’clock the procession of priests and acolytes formed in the vestibule of the church, with Archbishop Feehan leading, and the march around the interior of the building was begun. As the procession moved along, the archbishop sprinkled holy water on the walls and invoked Divine blessing on the edifice. The prelates then passed forward and the sanctuary was blessed by the archbishop, while the attending priests chanted the litany. The choir sang the responses, after which Archbishop Feehan stepped to the chancel rail and delivered a brief address. He said in part:
“I wish to congratulate you upon the completion and dedication of this fine building which you have erected. We are congregated in a place that is much needed to accommodate the rapidly growing Catholic population of this locality. We have many beautiful churches and schools and this will take its place among them.
“There is nothing more gratifying than to find, that wherever a Catholic church is erected in a community, there is a school by its side to educate its people in the grand state of our belief. I feel that I should give you just a word of advice upon an occasion of such importance. My advice is, that you hold together and remain united according to the teaching of the Holy Catholic Church and be obedient. Do this and you will become a great and prosperous and happy people.”
The dedicatory sermon was preached by the Rev. John Kosinski CR in the Polish language.
Work on the new church was begun April 21 and the corner-stone was laid July 2. It is three stories in height and built of pressed brick, trimmed with Bedford stone. It is 92 feet wide and 225 feet long and designed after the renaissance style of architecture. It cost $65,000.00 and is under the care of the Fathers of the Resurrection … In the basement are four large meeting halls and an auditorium. On the main floor are twelve classrooms for the parochial school. The auditorium for worship is on the second floor and the living rooms for the resident priests are above.
Fr. John R. Waiss
This week the Archdiocesan newspaper, the Chicago Catholic—formerly the New World—celebrated its 125th anniversary. Here is the article describing our brand new church when it was first dedicated:
The parishioners of St. Mary of the Angels Church, Wood and Cortland Streets, saw the pinnacle of their ambition reached after more than eight years of work, in the solemn ceremonies attending the dedication of their beautiful church Sunday. The day was one of unusual impressiveness, and the exercises throughout the day and evening were attended by thousands of persons including scores prominent in civic and professional life.
His Grace, the Most Reverend George W. Mundelein, DD, Archbishop of Chicago, pontificated at the dedication. Other special guests of honor were Ambassador Gibson, United States Ambassador to Poland, and Prince Casimir Lubomirski, Polish Envoy to the United States.
The day’s exercises began with a procession at 9 o’clock, led by Leo Zamorski, as commander-in-chief, assisted by Ladislaus Borucki, Paul Labunski, Joseph Regosh, Paul Mika, Stanislaus Sacharski. A police platoon was led by Lieutenant Joseph Palczynski. Kipkowski Brothers’ orchestra took part. The line of march led through the following thoroughfares: Hermitage, Cortland, Girard [now Honore], Armitage, Winchester, Lincoln [now Wolcott], Wabansia, North, Dickson [now Bosworth] and Paulina. At Wood Street it was joined by an assembly including LaFayette and other councils of the Knights of Columbus, continuing on its way to the rectory, where it terminated. The dedication march about the church and inside the edifice followed: Honorary deacon to His Grace, Archbishop George W. Mundelein, were the Rev. John Zwierzchowski, pastor of Holy Innocents Parish, and the Rev. Francis Ostrowski of St. Josaphat Parish.
The dedication exercises began at 10:30 o’clock, with Solemn High Mass celebrated by the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Stanislaus Nawrocki, pastor of St. Mary of Perpetual Help Church, assisted by the Rev. Stanislaus Siatka, pastor of St. John Cantius Church, deacon, and the Rev. Thaddeus Ligman, vice-rector of St. Stanislaus College, as subdeacon. The Very Reverend Msgr. E. F. Hoban, DD, was first master of ceremonies, and the Rev. John Sobieszczyk, pastor of St. Hyacinth Parish, second master of ceremonies.
Archbishop Mundelein delivered a congratulatory address and the Rev. Bronislaus Cieslak CR preached the sermon of the day in Polish …
The afternoon’s program consisted of vespers, celebrated by the Rev. Leonard Long CR solemn May devotions took place in the evening, celebrated by the Rev. Stanislaus Gadacz CR and the sermon was given by the Rev. Vincent Rapacz CR. The procession was led by the Rev. Francis Gordon, rector of Sf. Mary of the Angels, with the Rev. John Sobieszczyk and the Rev. Joseph Tarasiuk, assistants.
An imposing edifice, St. Mary of the Angels can be seen for many blocks. Its completion marks the termination of eight years and eight months of untiring activity on the part of its loyal congregation. Authorities on architecture agree that it is one of the finest specimens of the Roman Renaissance churches in the United States. It was erected at an approximate cost of $400,000 and its seating capacity is 2,000. Its altars are by Daprato Co., and an organ soon to be installed will cost $23,500 and therefore congratulations are due in unlimited quantity to the Rev. Father Gordon at the completion of his years in labor erection. The church will ever stand as a monument to the pastor’s earnest zeal and activity.
Fr. John R. Waiss
Throughout the 1960s and ‘70s Polish families began leaving Bucktown and were replaced by Hispanic families. Deteriorating physical conditions forced the closure of the church building. Plaster was falling from the roof and dome, and a piece grazed a parishioner, the Archdiocese mandated the building be closed. This took place after the last Mass celebrated on January 3, 1988.
While closed, daily Mass was celebrated in a chapel between the rectory and the school building (now used by Midtown Program and Residence). Each week the school auditorium went from hosting the Friday night BINGO to provisional “church” for Sunday Masses. There were discussions concerning possibly demolishing the closed church and replacing it with a smaller one. The neighbors, parishioners, and former parishioners began to pull together in a grassroots effort to save the church—an ambitious goal of $1.26 million was set by the Archdiocese in order to save the church. After missing the goal by $100,000, authorities decided not to repair the church, which led to some demonstrations in front of the Cathedral and the Cardinal’s residence.
In February 1988, Álvaro del Portillo—the prelate of Opus Dei—came to Chicago on his pastoral visit throughout the United States. On February 14 he wanted to make a pilgrimage to some place that honored Our Blessed Mother, but instead of going to Queen of All Saints Basilica—as many anticipated—the vicar of Opus Dei in Chicago, Fr. Bill Stetson, arranged for him to pray to Our Lady at St. Mary of the Angels. While here he prayed for the parish that the church would reopen and entrusted to priests of the Prelature. Fr. Bill Stetson brought this to Cardinal Bernardine’s attention and discussed the possibility of the pastoral care of the parish to be entrusted priests of the Prelature of Opus Dei. This took place on the parish in 1991, with the consent of Bishop Álvaro del Portillo. [Note: The first successor of the founder of Opus Dei would die on March 23, 1994 and would be beatified in Madrid on September 27, 2014. Grateful to him for “saving” the parish, many parishioners frequently go to his intercession].
Fr. John Twist was named pastor and the parish formed a priest council to govern the parish, with Fr. John as its moderator. Fr. John Debicki and Fr. John (Jack) Kubek were the first to join Fr. John on the council. Fr. John was an incredible fundraiser which enabled the restoration to go forward quickly.
They immediately began major repairs to the dome, roofs and stained-glass windows at a cost of $2.1 million. The church was reopened on October 2nd, 1992 and rededicated on October 11 by Cardinal Bernardin, who told the congregation: “We meet here today to celebrate a promise fulfilled, an encounter accomplished, a mission begun.” Later that year, Eugene and Terry Urbaszewski accepted the “A Landmark Reclaimed” award from the Partners for Sacred Places on behalf of Fr. John Twist and the parishioners of St. Mary of the Angels.
Fr. Jack was soon replaced by Fr. Hilary Mahaney in 1993; Fr. Charles Ferrer also joined the team at that time. When Fr. John had to leave for health reasons in 1995 Fr. Hilary Mahaney took over as pastor. In 1997 the church interior was restored. For the 100th anniversary of St. Mary of the Angels, new lighting, doors, and sound system were installed, and the 26 rooftop angels restored. With these efforts brought more families to St. Mary of the Angels, reviving the parish.
Fr. John R. Waiss
We continue our weekly notes on the history of St. Mary of the Angels parish, starting right after the 50th anniversary:
In 1950, Rev. John (“Fr. Jack”) Grabowski CR was named pastor. His pastorate was characterized as “energetic”, with new changes and improvements: he discontinued the fish pond, paved the school yard, built a new convent for the Sisters at 1800 N. Hermitage Avenue for $450,000. August 16, 1953, Cardinal Stritch dedicated the new convent. Fr. Jack also established a Mother’s Club and weekly Bingo to improve the parish finances.
Three years later Fr. Chester Brzegowy CR became pastor. He put new roofs on the church and school, and did other important repairs. His quiet and gentle manner endeared him to his parishioners; he died suddenly after a brief illness in July 1957, which shocked the parish.
The Kennedy Expressway Alters the Parish
Fr. Anthony Rybarczyk CR followed as pastor in 1957. He was another dynamic personality. He installed the sprinkler system in the school building, tuck pointed the church, had the church organ rebuilt, put padding on the church kneelers, installed new “modern” windows in the classrooms, rebuilt the church steps, and put new sidewalks around the block.
But in the early 1960s the construction of the Kennedy Expressway destroyed many homes in the neighborhood, reducing the parish and school by a third. (NB: the freeway totally cut off the Rolling Mill Irish families, along the Chicago River, from their nearby Annunciation parish and school, two blocks south of St. Mary of the Angels, such that the Irish parish had to be closed and razed in 1978).
Fr. Rybarczyk was transferred to a Resurrectionist parish in Fontana, California, in 1964 (he had a fatal heart attack and died there on October 4, 1970). Fr. Joseph Polinski CR became the next pastor. During his three-year pastorate Fr. Polinski repaired the bells and stained glass windows, as well as the heating systems for the church, rectory and school. He also began the youth athletic program for boys with basketball and Little League.
Next came Fr. Stanley Majkut CR in 1967. He established Scouting Programs for boys and girls at St. Mary of the Angels. A great lover of sports, Fr. Majkut cheered on the three CYO basketball teams—grammar school, high school, and the intermediates teams—as they excelled and won in the North Section CYO Tournament Championship of Chicago in 1971.
Fr. Majkut installed the glass brick windows in the school, put the fence up on Hermitage Avenue, and air-conditioned the school Auditorium. After the dome was struck by lightning on Good Friday, April 4th, 1969, causing a small fire, Fr. Majkut had the dome rebuilt in 1973. Fr. Majkut also installed a blue “Guiding Light” in the dome’s lantern as a sign to travelers on the Kennedy Expressway, that God and his Blessed Mother are our guiding light.
On February 17, 1974 Fr. Majkut resigned as pastor for health reasons. Fr. Edwin Karlowicz CR former Principal of Weber High School, took the reins to prepare the parish for its diamond anniversary that year.
Fr. John R. Waiss